Birthstone Color: Multi-coloured
The October birthstone treats the eye to an explosion of glimmering colours, like those of a magnificent rainbow just after rainfall.
The name Opal comes from the Latin word "opalus", meaning precious jewel. Opals have been prized for centuries for unique ability to reflect specific wavelengths of light, the opal was called "cupid Paederos" by the Romans, meaning a child as beautiful as love. A legendary explanation for this gemstone's origin is that it fell from heaven in a flash of fiery lightning.
Ancient monarchs treasured Opals, both for their beauty and for their presumed protective powers. They were set into crowns and worn in necklaces to ward off evil and to protect the eyesight. These precious gemstones were also ground and ingested for their healing properties and to ward off nightmares.
Opals date back to prehistoric times. They are non-crystallized silica, which is a mineral found near the earth's surface in areas where ancient geothermal hot springs once existed. When the hot springs dried up, layers of the silica, combined with water, were deposited into the cracks and cavities of the bedrock, forming Opal. Opals actually contain up to 30% water, so they must be protected from heat or harsh chemicals, both of which will cause drying and may lead to cracking and loss of iridescence. Opal must also be guarded from blows, since it is relatively soft and breaks easily.
Most of the world's Opal deposits are found in Southern Australia. Other sources of this gemstone are Brazil, Mexico, Czechoslovakia and Nevada. Quality Opal is very expensive, made more so by the caution that must be exercised in cutting, polishing and setting it into jewelry.
A gift of Opal is symbolic of faithfulness and confidence. And the powerful energy radiating from this fiery gemstone will surely illuminate any occasion!